Prisons is under State Subject and Mizoram Prisons Administration, in the real sense of the term, has emerged only after Mizoram was elevated from the status of one of the Districts of Assam into a Union Territory. As such, Mizoram Jails in the initial stage of development were under Central Administration till Mizoram became a State. During this period, Prison administration was mainly concentrated in security custody and confinement of prisoners. Now, with the modern concept of imprisonment the Department is making effort to take up the security aspect and reformation of prisoners on equal footing.

Under Prison Department there is a Directorate headed by I.G Prisons and under him there are one D.I.G, one A.I.G and one Superintendent (OFFICE). There are Eight District Jails located at Aizawl, Lunglei, Saiha, Champhai, Kolasib, Lawngtlai, Serchhip and Mamit and a Central Jail at Aizawl. The District Jails are looked after by Jail Superintendents and the Central Jail by a Special Superintendent. Under the Superintendent, there are Jailor, Assistant Jailor, Chief Head Warder, Head Warder and Jail warder. Besides, there are Clerical Staff like LDC, UDC in Jails and Assistant in Directorate Office. However, Some Guarding Staff were also deployed as Clerical Staff. There is one Doctor (posted by Health & Family Welfare Department) to look after Central Jail and District Jail, Aizawl who is assisted by Medical Staff like Staff Nurses and Pharmacists.  In other District Jails, Healh Programmes were carried out by Staff Nurses.